About

This is the *Subutai Platform’s* user documentation. Here you will find updated information on how to install, run and make the best possible use of our products:

  1. *Subutai™ > PeerOS* — > Open Source, container-based P2P Cloud and IoT software > and firmware.
  2. *Subutai™ > Bazaar* — a > marketplace to buy/sell/exchange/barter devices, cloud > applications, and idle computer resources.
  3. *Subutai™ Blockchain > Router* — > power-efficient “green” broadband Cloud router and open hardware > IoT gateway that serves as a plug-and-play cryptocurrency wallet > and mining device.

Subutai The Open Source Project

The Subutai open source project and its community formed in 2013 to build a peer-to-peer (P2P) cloud and fog [1] computing platform called Subutai. The software was first released in April of 2014 under the Apache Software License 2.0.

Subutai runs cloud applications inside adaptive environments spanning across idle computer resources [2] securely over the Internet. Anyone can consume resources from others, while also providing resources to others [3]. Resources may be shared for free or rented hourly at a price determined by resource owners or based on market values. Those buying and selling resources determine the market prices of resources used to run cloud applications on the edge, and in the data center.

Also in 2014, an optional component, the Subutai Router, an open hardware project, began. The mind blowing benefits and synergy of running Subutai directly on a managed router drove its inception. The Subutai Router complements and accelerates the software with additional hardware security features, advanced cloud router functions, and IoT gateway capabilities. The first Subutai Router was manufactured in 2016. The second major version of the Subutai Router is being prepared for mass production in Q3 of 2018 in conjunction with LSI-TEC, a nonprofit associated with the University of São Paulo.

The Subutai Software and the Subutai Router Hardware are both 100% free and open, both being licensed under the business friendly Apache Software License v2.0.

Subutai’s Mission

Subutai’s ultimate mission is to democratize the cloud. Subutai invokes the disruptive forces of a cloud sharing economy to achieve these ends. When anyone can participate as a provider and consumer, the tight hold and lock-in imposed by big cloud providers lessens on this vital market.

Cloud democratization leads to a supernova of potential hosting targets with different devices available to them on the edge. This in turn increases the efficiency of the cloud by allowing it to get closer to its users on the edge. It also unifies the Internet of Things and the cloud as one unified continuum.

P2P is the only viable path to cloud computing across residential internet lines using commodity computers on the edge where most devices, the Internet of Things, reside. Running clouds on the edge of the Internet makes running in the data centers of hosting and cloud providers even that much more efficient. As the world’s first P2P cloud and fog computing platform, Subutai takes multi-cloud to its ultimate limit where the number of providers can grow without bounds.

Ultimate Vision

A great inversion is coming soon where everything will flip upside down as IoT devices increase and the general public, weary of their privacy, starts to demand mastery over their own data. The service providers on the cloud will become clients to the IoT devices and personal computers on the edge. In a sense, the whole client-server paradigm will be inverted: central clients communicating with IoT Edge devices and personal services.

This emerging reality requires the unification of the cloud and the fog. A p2p cloud and fog computing platform like Subutai MUST exist to facilitate this natural progression. After all, the cloud on land is the fog. Both are clouds, one is just located on the edge of the network. It is not a matter of if this will happen, but when it will happen. In fact, the transition has already started taking place and is well on its way. Subutai is poised and ready to be at its epicenter.

How does it work?

Computers swarm together to create secure peer-to-peer (P2P) virtual private networks (VPN). These overlay networks operate on top of existing networks but they look and act like a physical network. The VPN has an addressable IP range, a subnet, and virtual hosts inside it can acquire IP addresses and communicate with one another.

The swarming computers expose their resources (CPU, RAM, and DISK) in the VPN as hosts with subnet IP addresses: the hosts are resources packaged as lightweight Linux containers. Regardless of which member of the swarm contributes the container host, all containers look and feel like physical machines connected to the same switch. The swarm hence creates a virtual private cloud environment, a kind of virtual data center, with a network and hosts on which software can easily (with a button press) be installed from applications in the Subutai Bazaar. This effectively promotes an open cloud and IoT commerce platform. Virtual private cloud environments thus hosts infrastructure and applications using idle computer resources.
Subutai groups machines and devices on the same local area network (LAN) into a Subutai Peer. The peer offers resources and devices to construct virtual private cloud environments. Environments can shift across different peers to satisfy their need to gain more or different kinds of resources and devices. Sometimes peer selection is driven by location: services may be brought closer to a cluster of users to increase the response time of applications running within the environment. The peers participating in an environment swarm fluidly. They join and leave the swarm over time and as conditions change. This results in dynamic environments that can change shape or move around on the edge, in the cloud, or in corporate data centers or small business data closets.
By operating on the edge, where most devices reside, private cloud environments have the opportunity to directly interact with local devices. Meteorologists refer to clouds in contact with land as fog. Cisco used this to coin the term fog computing. Fog computing involves the incorporation of these devices on the edge into larger computing systems. The aim is to use sensors and actuators on the edge to build systems that can sense and respond to physical conditions. A cloud that cannot interact with the environment is useless and boring right? This is the whole point to the Internet of Things. Subutai's decentralization and fluidity philosophy creates the conditions where IoT and the cloud can unify and act as one.
[1]The term, fog computing, coined by Cisco, refers to computing on the edge of the Internet where all the devices, the Internet of Things reside. The term plays on cloud computing and the meteorological definition of fog as low altitude clouds making contact with land. The edge of the Internet (as opposed to the center where high bandwidth lines and data centers are located) is the land in the analogy. The clouds in the sky resides in data centers and the fog on the edge.
[2]According to several studies, 98% of personal computer resources run idle. Another study showed 94% of EC2 instance resources in AWS (the cloud) run idle while 96% on self hosted servers run idle in company data centers. When you add all this up globally, it’s reasonable to conclude that a massive amount of computer resources needlessly perish every day.
[3]The ability to consume and provide at the same time is often referred to as collaborative consumption. A community where collaborative consumption takes place is called a sharing economy, or peer economy since all participants are similar in that they can all buy and sell.